“School of Physics”

Back to Papers Home
Back to Papers of School of Physics

Paper   IPM / P / 8528
School of Physics
  Title:   Is the Thick Brane Model Consistent with the Recent Observations?
1.  M.S. Movahed
2.  S. Ghassemi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. D
  Vol.:  76
  Year:  2007
  Pages:   084037
  Supported by:  IPM
There exist many observational evidences implying the expansion of our universe is undergoing a late-time acceleration, the mechanism of this acceleration is yet unknown. In the so-called thick brane model this phenomena is attributed to the thickness of the brane along the extra dimension. In this study we mainly rely to the consistency of this model with most recent observational data related to the background evolution. The new Supernova Type Ia (SNIa) Gold sample and Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) data, the position of the acoustic peak at the last scattering surface from the WMAP observations and the baryon acoustic oscillation peak found in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) are used to constrain the free parameter of the thick codimension 1 brane model. To infer its consistency with age of our universe, we compare the age of old cosmological objects with what computed using the best fit values for the model parameters. When the universe is matter dominated, w=0, at 68% level of confidence, the combination of Gold sample SNIa, CMB shift parameter and SDSS databases provides Ωm=0.31−0.02+0.02, ΩC=0.05−0.01+0.01, wr=−1.40−0.20+0.20, hence a spatially open universe with Ωk=0.21−0.08+0.08. The same combination with SNLS supernova observation gives Ωm=0.28−0.02+0.03, ΩC=0.037−0.004+0.003, wr=−2.05−0.15+0.15 consequently provides a spatially open universe Ωk=0.11−0.07+0.10. These results obviously seem to be in contradiction with the most recent WMAP results indicating a flat universe.

Download TeX format
back to top
scroll left or right