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Paper   IPM / P / 8369
School of Physics
  Title:   Detection of IMBHs from Microlensing in Globular Clusters
1.  M. Safonova
2.  S. Rahvar
  Status:   In Proceedings
  Proceeding: Proceeding of International Astronomical Union. Symposium no. 238, held 21-25 August, 2006 in Prague, Czech Republic, S238, #153
  Vol.:  153
  Year:  2006
  Pages:   238
  Supported by:  IPM
Globular clusters have been alternatively predicted to host intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) or nearly impossible to form and retain them in their centres. Over the last decade enough theoretical and observational evidence have accumulated to believe that many, if not all, galactic globular clusters host IMBHs in the centres, just like galaxies do. The well-established galactic bulge mass-black hole mass correlation suggests that GCs may lie on the same line (and, as an example, M15 fits the Mbh-sigma correlation well). Most of the attempts in search of the central black holes (BHs) are not direct and present enormous observational difficulties due to the crowding of stars in the GC cores. Here we propose a method of detection of the central BH that avoids these difficulties-the microlensing of the cluster stars by the central black hole. If the core of the cluster is resolved, the direct determination of the lensing curve and lensing system parameters is possible; if unresolved, the pixel lensing technique can be applied. We calculate the optical depth to central BH microlensing for a selected list of galactic globular clusters and estimate the average time duration of the events. We discuss light curves and blending, the extraction of the lens parameters and self-lensing in the globular cluster. We put out the details of the observational program. IMBHs are the important issue in modern astronomy and we hope that using our proposal their unambiguous detection (or otherwise) will be possible

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