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Paper   IPM / Physic / 8063
School of Physics
  Title:   Cooling in the Universe
  Author(s):  S. Rahvar
  Status:   Preprint
  Year:  2006
  Supported by:  IPM
One of the questions in the cosmology courses is the cooling mechanism of cosmic fluid during it expansion according to classical concepts of the thermodynamics. In this short pedagogical paper, we quote the questions and give a natural approach dealing with this problem by measuring the dispersion velocity of the particles in the cosmic fluid by a comoving observer. We show that the thermal motion of the particles in the cosmic fluid deviates from the Hubble flow and follows the geodesics governed by the gravity of the homogeneous universe. The dynamics of the "thermal peculiar velocity" of the particles leads in an expanding universe, momentum of the particles relax by the inverse of the expansion factor and the result is losing the energy of particles, hence cooling the universe.

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