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Paper   IPM / Physic / 6900
School of Physics
  Title:   Nanostructure Potential Models
1.  H. Rafii-Tabar
2.  G.A. Mansoori
  Status:   To Appear
  Journal: Encyclopedia of Nano-Technology
  No.:  117
  Supported by:  IPM
Considerable interest has been shown in the development of interatomic and intermolecular potentials for use in the modeling and simulation of the formation, function and properties of nanostructures. In this review, we first present the theoretical framework in which these potentials are employed in the computational studies of the properties of nanoscale structures and processes in condensed matter physics, chemistry and materials modeling. We then discuss a set of state-of-the-art interatomic and intermolecular potential energy functions that are widely used in computational modeling at the nanoscale. The theoretical basis of these potentials are also discussed. A brief discussion of the direct measurement of interatomic and intermolecular potential functions through the use of atomic force microscope is also presented.

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