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Paper   IPM / Physic / 6810
School of Physics
  Title:   Unpaired and Spin-Singlet Paired States of A Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in A Perpendicular Magnetic Filed
1.  M. Polini
2.  K. Moulopoulos
3.  B. Davoudi
4.  M.P. Tosi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. B
  No.:  48
  Vol.:  65
  Year:  2002
  Pages:   165306-1-10
  Supported by:  IPM
We present a variational study of both unpaired and spin-singlet paired states induced in a two-dimensional electron gas at low density by a perpendicular magnetic field. It is based on an improved circular-cell approximation which leads to a number of closed analytical results. The ground-state energy of the Wigner crystal containing a single electron per cell in the lowest Landau level is obtained as a function of the filling factor ν: the results are in good agreement with those of earlier approaches and predict νc ≈ 0.25 for the upper filling factor at which the solid-liquid transition occurs. A novel localized state of spin-singlet electron pairs is examined and found to be a competitor of the unpaired state for filling factor ν > 1. The corresponding phase boundary is quantitatively displayed in the magnetic field-electron density plane.

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