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Paper   IPM / Biological Sciences / 17719
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   CSF amino acid profiles in ICV-streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimerâ??s disease in male Wistar rat: a metabolomics and systems biology perspective
1.  Amir Barzegar Behrooz
2.  Hamid Latifi-Navid
3.  Jabar Lotf
4.  Fariba Khodagholi
5.  Shahla Shojaei
6.  Saeid Ghavami
7.  Javad Fahanik Babae
  Status:   Published
  Journal: FEBS Open Bio
  Year:  2024
  Supported by:  IPM
Alzheimerâ??s disease (AD) is an increasingly important public health concern due to the increasing proportion of older individuals within the general population. The impairment of processes responsible for adequate brain energy supply primarily determines the early features of the aging process. Restricting brain energy supply results in brain hypometabolism prior to clinical symptoms and is anatomically and functionally associated with cognitive impairment. The present study investigated changes in metabolic profiles induced by intracerebroventricular-streptozotocin (ICV-STZ) in an AD-like animal model. To this end, male Wistar rats received a single injection of STZ (3 mgkg1 ) by ICV (2.5 lL into each ventricle for 5 min on each side). In the second week after receiving ICV-STZ, rats were tested for cognitive performance using the Morris Water Maze test and subsequently prepared for positron emission tomography (PET) to confirm AD-like symptoms. Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis was used to detect amino acid changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CFS) samples. Our metabolomics study revealed a reduction in the concentrations of various amino acids (alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophane, tyrosine, and valine) in CSF of ICV-STZ-treated animals as compared to controls rats. The results of the current study indicate amino acid levels could potentially be considered targets of nutritional and/or pharmacological interventions to interfere with AD progression.

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