“School of Cognitive Sciences”

Back to Papers Home
Back to Papers of School of Cognitive Sciences

Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 17674
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Assessment of instantaneous cognitive load imposed by educational multimedia using electroencephalography signals
1.  R. Sarailoo
2.  K. Latifzadeh
3.  S. Amiri
4.  A. Bosaghzadeh
5.  R. Ebrahimpour
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Frontiers in Neuroscience
  Vol.:  16
  Year:  2022
  Supported by:  IPM
The use of multimedia learning is increasing in modern education. On the other hand, it is crucial to design multimedia contents that impose an optimal amount of cognitive load, which leads to efficient learning. Objective assessment of instantaneous cognitive load plays a critical role in educational design quality evaluation. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been considered a potential candidate for cognitive load assessment among neurophysiological methods. In this study, we experiment to collect EEG signals during a multimedia learning task and then build a model for instantaneous cognitive load measurement. In the experiment, we designed four educational multimedia in two categories to impose different levels of cognitive load by intentionally applying/violating Mayer's multimedia design principles. Thirty university students with homogenous English language proficiency participated in our experiment. We divided them randomly into two groups, and each watched a version of the multimedia followed by a recall test task and filling out a NASA-TLX questionnaire. EEG signals are collected during these tasks. To construct the load assessment model, at first, power spectral density (PSD) based features are extracted from EEG signals. Using the minimum redundancy - maximum relevance (MRMR) feature selection approach, the best features are selected. In this way, the selected features consist of only about 12% of the total number of features. In the next step, we propose a scoring model using a support vector machine (SVM) for instantaneous cognitive load assessment in 3s segments of multimedia. Our experiments indicate that the selected feature set can classify the instantaneous cognitive load with an accuracy of 84.5 ± 2.1%. The findings of this study indicate that EEG signals can be used as an appropriate tool for measuring the cognitive load introduced by educational videos. This can be help instructional designers to develop more effective content.

Download TeX format
back to top
scroll left or right