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Paper IPM / M / 17606  


Abstract:  
For $K/F$ a finite Galois extension of number fields, the relative P\'olya group $\Po(K/F)$ is the subgroup of the ideal class group of $K$ generated by all the strongly ambiguous ideal classes in $K/F$. Recently, the notion of Ostrowski quotient $\Ost(K/F)$, as the cokernel of the capitulation map into $\Po(K/F)$, has been introduced.
In this paper, using some results of Gonz\'alezAvil\'es, we find a new approach to define $\Po(K/F)$ and $\Ost(K/F)$ which is the main motivation for us to investigate analogous notions in the elliptic curve setting. For $E$ an elliptic curve defined over $F$, we define the Ostrowski quotient $\Ost(E,K/F)$ and the coarse Ostrowski quotient $\Ost_c(E,K/F)$ of $E$ relative to $K/F$, for which in the latter group we do not take into account primes of bad reduction. Our main result is a nontrivial structure theorem for the group $\Ost_c(E,K/F)$ and we analyze this theorem, in some details, for the class of curves $E$ over quadratic extensions $K/F$.
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