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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 17586
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Cross-correlation power spectra and cosmic birefringence of the CMB via photon-neutrino interaction
1.  R. Mohammadi
2.  J. Khodagholizadeh
3.  M. Sadegh
4.  A. Vahedi
5.  Sh-sh. Xue
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JCAP
  Vol.:  2023
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
In the context of the standard model of particles, the weak interaction of cosmic microwave background (CMB) and cosmic neutrino background (CνB), can generate non-vanishing TB and EB power spectra in the order of one loop forward scattering, in the presence of scalar perturbation, which is in contrast with the standard scenario cosmology. Comparing our results with the current experimental data may provide, significant information about the nature of CνB, including CMB-CνB forward scattering for TB, TE, and EB power spectra. To this end, different cases were studied, including Majorana CνB and Dirac CνB. On the other hand, it was shown that the mean opacity due to cosmic neutrino background could behave as an anisotropic birefringent medium and change the linear polarization rotation angle. Considering the contributions from neutrino and anti-neutrino forward scattering with CMB photons (in the case of Dirac neutrino), we introduce relative neutrino and anti-neutrino density asymmetry (δν=Î?nνnν=nνâ??nν¯nν). Then, using the cosmic birefringence angle reported by the Planck data release β=0.30â??±0.11â?? (68%C.L.), some constraints can be put on δν. Also, the value of cosmic birefringence due to Majorana CνB medium is estimated at about β|νâ??0.2 rad. In this respect, since Majorana neutrino and anti-neutrino are exactly the same, both CB contributions will be added together. However, this value is at least two orders larger than the cosmic birefringence angle reported by the Planck data release, β=0.30â??±0.11â?? (68%C.L.).

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