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Paper   IPM / Physic / 17356
School of Physics
  Title:   Dipole cosmology: the Copernican paradigm beyond FLRW
1.  Ch. Krishnan
2.  R. Mondol
3.  M.M. Sheikh-Jabbari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JCAP
  Vol.:  07
  Year:  2023
  Pages:   020
  Supported by:  IPM
We introduce the dipole cosmological principle, the idea that the Universe is a maximally Copernican cosmology, compatible with a cosmic flow. It serves as the most symmetric paradigm that generalizes the FLRW ansatz, in light of the increasingly numerous (but still tentative) hints that have emerged in the last two decades for a non-kinematic component in the CMB dipole. Einstein equations in our "dipole cosmology" are still ordinary differential equations -- but instead of the two Friedmann equations, now we have four. The two new functions can be viewed as an anisotropic scale factor that breaks the isotropy group from SO(3) to U(1), and a "tilt" that captures the cosmic flow velocity. The result is an axially isotropic, tilted Bianchi V/VIIh cosmology. We assess the possibility of model building within the dipole cosmology paradigm, and discuss the dynamics of expansion rate, anisotropic shear and tilt, in various examples. A key observation is that the cosmic flow (tilt) can grow even while the anisotropy (shear) dies down. Remarkably, this can happen even in an era of late time acceleration.

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