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Paper   IPM / Biological Sciences / 17309
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   Intermediate-aided allostery mechanism for a-glucosidase by Xanthene-11v as an inhibitor using residue interaction network analysis
1.  Zahra Moosavi-Movahedi
2.  Najmeh Salehi
3.  Mehran Habibi-Rezaei
4.  Farzad Qassemi
5.  Mohammad Hossein Karimi-Jafari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
Exploring allosteric inhibition and the discovery of new inhibitor binding sites are important studies in protein regulation mechanisms and drug discovery. Structural and network-based analyses of trajectories resulting from molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been developed to discover protein dynamics, landscape, functions, and allosteric regions. Here, an experimentally suggested non-competitive inhibitor, xanthene-11v, was considered to explore its allosteric inhibition mechanism in α-glucosidase MAL12. Comparative structural and network analyses were applied to eight 250 ns independent MD simulations, four of which were performed in the free state and four of which were performed in ligand-bound forms. Projected two-dimensional free energy landscapes (FEL) were constructed from the probabilistic distribution of conformations along the first two principal components. The post-simulation analyses of the coordinates, side-chain torsion angles, non-covalent interaction networks, network communities, and their centralities were performed on α-glucosidase conformations and the intermediate sub-states. Important communities of residues have been found that connect the allosteric site to the active site. Some of these residues like Thr307, Arg312, TYR344, ILE345, Phe357, Asp406, Val407, Asp408, and Leu436 are the key messengers in the transition pathway between allosteric and active sites. Evaluating the probability distribution of distances between gate residues including Val407 in one community and Phe158, and Pro65 in another community depicted the closure of this gate due to the inhibitor binding. Six macro states of protein were deduced from the topology of FEL and analysis of conformational preference of free and ligand-bound systems to these macro states shows a combination of lock-and-key, conformational selection, and induced fit mechanisms are effective in ligand binding. All these results reveal structural states, allosteric mechanisms, and key players in the inhibition pathway of α-glucosidase by xanthene-11v.

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