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Paper   IPM / Biological Sciences / 17301
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   A heterozygous missense variant in DLX3 leads to uterine leiomyomas and pregnancy losses in a consanguineous Iranian family
1.  Samaneh Saboori-Darabi
2.  Paola Carrera
3.  Arvand Akbari
4.  Amir Amiri-Yekta
5.  Navid Almadani
6.  Giovanni Battista Pipitone
7.  Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad
8.  Marzieh Lotfi
9.  Mahta Mazaheri
10.  Mehdi Totonchi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Gene
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
Uterine leiomyomas (ULs) are benign solid tumors arising from the uterine myometrium. They are the most common pelvic tumors among females of reproductive age. Despite the universal prevalence of ULs and its huge impact on women’s lives, the exact etiology and pathophysiologic mechanisms have not been fully understood. Numerous studies indicate that genetic factors play a crucial role in ULs development. This study aims to identify the probable genetic causes of ULs in a consanguineous Iranian family. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) on five family members with ULs revealed a likely pathogenic missense variant encoding for Y88C in the transactivation (TA) domain of DLX3 gene (c.263A > G; p.Y88C). Sanger sequencing of a total of 9 affected and non-affected family members indicated a segregation with disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. Moreover, targeted Sanger sequencing on 32 additional non-related patients with ULs showed none was heterozygous for this variant. MutPred2 predicted the pathogenicity of candidate variant by both phosphorylation and sulfation loss as actionable hypotheses. Project HOPE revealed that the identified variant residue is smaller and more hydrophobic comparing to the wild-type residue. I-TASSER and UCSF Chimera were also used for modeling and visualizing the predicted variant, respectively. This WES analysis is the first to report a variant in DLX3 variation associated with ULs pathogenicity in Iranian population highlighting the effectiveness of WES as a strong diagnostic method. However, further functional studies on this variant are needed to confirm the potential pathogenicity of this mutation.

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