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|Paper IPM / Nano-Sciences / 17226||
Skin wounds are common in accidental injuries, surgical operations, and chronic diseases. The migration and proliferation of fibroblast cells are fundamental to wound healing, which can be promoted by electrical stimulation as a physical therapy modality. Therefore, the development of portable electrical stimulation devices that can be used by patients on-site is an essential need. In the present study, a self-cleaning triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has been fabricated for enhancing cell proliferation and migration. The polycaprolactone titanium dioxide (PCL/TiO2) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) layers were fabricated via a facile method and used as the electropositive and electronegative pair, respectively. The effect of stimulation time on proliferation and migration of fibroblast cells was investigated. The results demonstrated that when the cells were stimulated once-a-day for 40 min, the cell viability was increased, while a long daily stimulation time has an inhibitory effect. Under electrical stimulation, the cells move toward the middle of the scratch, making the scratch almost invisible. During repeated movements, the prepared TENG connected to a rat skin generated an open-circuit voltage and a short-circuit current around 4 V and 0.2 mu A, respectively. The proposed self-powered device can pave the way for a promising therapeutic strategy for patients with chronic wounds.
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