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Paper IPM / M / 17216  


Abstract:  
We use the method of equivariant moving frames to revisit the problem of normal forms and equivalence of nondegenerate real hypersurfaces MÃ??Ã?ÃÂ¢??C^2 under the pseudogroup action of holomorphic transformations. The moving frame recurrence formulae allow us to systematically and algorithmically recover the results of Chern and Moser for hypersurfaces that are either nonumbilic at a point pÃ??Ã?ÃÂ¢??M or umbilic in an open neighborhood of it. In the former case, the coefficients of the normal form expansion, when expressed as functions of the jet of the hypersurface at the point, provide a complete system of functionally independent differential invariants that can be used to solve the equivalence problem. We prove that under a suitable genericity condition, the entire algebra of differential invariants for such hypersurfaces can be generated, through the operators of invariant differentiation, by a single real differential invariant of order 7. We then apply moving frames to construct new convergent normal forms for nondegenerate real hypersurfaces at singularly umbilic points, namely those umbilic points where the hypersurface is not identically umbilic around them.
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