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Paper   IPM / P / 17203
School of Physics
  Title:   A new constraint on the Hawking evaporation of primordial black holes in the radiation-dominated era
1.  S.S. Tabasi
2.  J. T. Firouzjaee
  Status:   Published
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
In this paper, we revisit the evaporation and accretion of primordial black holes (PBHs) during cosmic history and compare them to see if both of these processes are constantly active for PBHs or not. Our calculations indicate that during the radiation-dominated era, PBHs absorb ambient radiation due to accretion, and their apparent horizon grows rapidly. This growth causes the Hawking radiation process to practically fail and all the particles that escape as radiation from PBHs to fall back into them. Nevertheless, our emphasis is that the accretion efficiency factor also plays a very important role here and its exact determination is essential. We have shown that the lower mass limit for PBHs that have not yet evaporated should approximately be 1014g rather than 1015g. Finally, we study the effects of Hawking radiation quiescence in cosmology and reject models based on the evaporation of PBHs in the radiation-dominated era.

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