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Paper   IPM / Physic / 17131
School of Physics
  Title:   Electron cloud design for Rydberg multi-qubit gates
1.  M.S. Khazali
2.  W. Lechner
  Status:   Preprint
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
This article proposes quantum processing in an optical lattice, using Rydberg electron's Fermi scattering from ground-state atoms in spin-dependent lattices as a source of interaction. Instead of relying on Rydberg pair potentials, the interaction is controlled by engineering the electron cloud of a sole Rydberg atom. Here we specifically propose the implementation of two prominent multi-qubit gates i.e. the stabilizer-phase operator and the Toffoli gate. The new scheme addresses the main bottleneck in Rydberg quantum simulation by suppressing the population of short-lived Rydberg states over multi-qubit operations. This scheme mitigates different competing infidelity criteria, eliminates unwanted cross-talks, and allows operations in dense atomic lattices. The restoring forces in the molecule type Ryd-Fermi potential preserve the trapping over a long interaction period. The features in the new scheme are of special interest for the implementation of quantum optimization and error correction algorithms.

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