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Paper   IPM / Physic / 17068
School of Physics
  Title:   Is local H0​ at odds with dark energy EFT?
1.  B. Hoon Lee
2.  W. Lee
3.  E. O. Colgain
4.  M.M. Sheikh-Jabbari
5.  S. Thakur
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JCAP
  No.:  04
  Vol.:  04
  Year:  2022
  Pages:   004
  Supported by:  IPM
Local $H_0$ determinations currently fall in a window between $H_0 \sim 70$ km/s/Mpc (TRGB) and $H_0 \sim 76$ km/s/Mpc (Tully-Fisher). In contrast, BAO data calibrated in an early $\Lambda$CDM universe are largely consistent with Planck-$\Lambda$CDM, $H_0 \sim 67.5$ km/s/Mpc. Employing a generic two parameter family of evolving equations of state (EoS) for dark energy (DE) $w_{\textrm{DE}}(z)$ and mock BAO data, we demonstrate that if i) $w_{\textrm{DE}}(z=0) < -1$ and ii) integrated DE density less than $\Lambda$CDM, then $H_0$ increases. EoS that violate these conditions at best lead to modest $H_0$ increases within $1 \sigma$. Tellingly, Quintessence and K-essence satisfy neither condition, whereas coupled Quintessence can only satisfy ii). Beyond these seminal DE Effective Field Theories (EFTs), we turn to explicit examples. Working model agnostically in an expansion in powers of redshift $z$, we show that Brans-Dicke/$f(R)$ and Kinetic Gravity Braiding models within the Horndeski class can lead to marginal and modest increases in $H_0$, respectively. We confirm that as far as increasing $H_0$ is concerned, no DE EFT model can outperform the phenomenological two parameter family of the DE models. Evidently, the late universe may no longer be large enough to accommodate $H_0$, BAO and DE described by EFT.

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