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Paper   IPM / Physic / 17067
School of Physics
  Title:   Null surface thermodynamics
1.  H. Adami
2.  M.M. Sheikh-Jabbari
3.  V. Taghiloo
4.  H. Yavartanoo
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. D
  No.:  6
  Vol.:  105
  Year:  2021
  Pages:   066004
  Supported by:  IPM
We establish that boundary degrees of freedom associated with a generic co-dimension one null surface in D dimensional pure Einstein gravity naturally admit a thermodynamical description. We expect the null surface thermodynamics to universally follow as a result of the diffeomorphism invariance of the theory, not relying on other special features of the null surface or the gravity theory. Using standard surface charge analysis and covariant phase space method, we formulate laws of null surface thermodynamics which are local equations over an arbitrary null surface paralleling local versions the zeroth and first laws and the Gibbs-Duhem equation. This thermodynamical system is generally an open system and can be closed only when there is no flux of gravitons through the null surface. Our analysis extends the usual black hole thermodynamics to a universal feature of any area element on a generic null surface. We discuss the relevance of our study for the membrane paradigm and black hole microstates.

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