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Paper   IPM / Biological Sciences / 17047
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   Detection of structural and conformational changes in ALS-causing mutant profilin-1 with hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry and bioinformatics techniques
1.  Ahmad Shahir Sadr
2.  Zahra Abdollahpour
3.  Atousa Aliahmadi
4.  Changiz Eslahchi
5.  Mina Nekouei
6.  Lily Kiaei
7.  Mahmoud Kiaei
8.  Alireza Ghassempour
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Metabolic Brain Disease
  Vol.:  37
  Year:  2022
  Pages:   229-241
  Supported by:  IPM
The hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) is a reliable method to survey the dynamic behavior of proteins and epitope mapping. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a quantifying tool to assay for HDX in the protein of interest. We combined HDX-MALDI-TOF MS and molecular docking/MD simulation to identify accessible amino acids and analyze their contribution into the structural changes of profilin-1 (PFN-1). The molecular docking/MD simulations are computational tools for enabling the analysis of the type of amino acids that may be involved via HDX identified under the lowest binding energy condition. Glycine to valine amino acid (G117V) substitution mutation is linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This mutation is found to be in the actin-binding site of PFN-1 and prevents the dimerization/polymerization of actin and invokes a pathologic toxicity that leads to ALS. In this study, we sought to understand the PFN-1 protein dynamic behavior using purified wild type and mutant PFN-1 proteins. The data obtained from HDX-MALDI-TOF MS for PFN-1WT and PFN-1G117V at various time intervals, from seconds to hours, revealed multiple peaks corresponding to molecular weights from monomers to multimers. PFN-1/Benzaldehyde complexes identified 20 accessible amino acids to HDX that participate in the docking simulation in the surface of WT and mutant PFN-1. Consistent results from HDX-MALDI-TOF MS and docking simulation predict candidate amino acid(s) involved in the dimerization/polymerization of PFNG117V. This information may shed critical light on the structural and conformational changes with details of amino acid epitopes for mutant PFN-1s’ dimerization, oligomerization, and aggregation.

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