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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 17009
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Characteristics of Effective Dark Matter in Nonlocal Gravity
1.  Mahmood . Roshan
2.  Bahram . Mashhoon
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Astrophysical Journal
  Vol.:  934
  Year:  2022
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
Nonlocal gravity (NLG) is a classical nonlocal generalization of Einstein's theory of gravitation that has been constructed in close analogy with the nonlocal electrodynamics of media. According to NLG, what appears as dark matter in astrophysics and cosmology is in reality the nonlocal aspect of the universal gravitational interaction. We focus here on two main features of the effective dark matter in NLG, namely, (a) the density of effective dark matter in NLG is always finite and therefore cusp-free, and (b) there is less effective dark matter in dwarf galaxies than is generally assumed in the standard particle dark matter paradigm. The corresponding astrophysical implications of NLG in connection with three ultra-diffuse galaxies AGC 114905, 242019, and 219533 are discussed.

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