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Paper   IPM / Physic / 16590
School of Physics
  Title:   Hyperbolic plasmon modes in tilted Dirac cone phases of borophene
1.  Z. Torbatian
2.  D. Novko
3.  R. Asgari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. B
  Vol.:  104
  Year:  2021
  Pages:   075432
  Supported by:  IPM
Hyperbolic materials are receiving significant attention due to their ability to support electromagnetic fields with arbitrarily high momenta and, hence, to achieve very strong light confinement. Here, based on first-principles calculations and many-body perturbation theory, we explore the characteristic of two-dimensional plasmon modes and its hyperbolic properties for two phases of single layer boron hosting tilted Dirac cone, namely, the hr-sB and 8Pmmn borophene. In-plane anisotropy in borophene is manifested in the structural, electronic, vibrational and optical properties. We find two hyperbolic regimes for both phases of borophene, where the high-energy one is located in the visible range. The hr-sB borophene is characterised with an intrinsic high carrier density and it supports strong hyperbolic plasmon modes in the visible part of the spectrum. The 8Pmmn borophene, on the other hand, resembles the prototypical Dirac material graphene, and upon carrier doping acquires anisotropic Dirac plasmons in the mid-infrared. We have also investigated the impact of the electron-phonon coupling and Landau damping on these hyperbolic plasmon modes. Our results show that borophene, having high anisotropy, intrinsic high carrier concentration, low-loss hyperbolic Dirac plasmon modes, and high confinement can represent a promising candidate for low-loss broad band surface plasmon polariton devices.

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