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Paper IPM / M / 16527  


Abstract:  
Modeling spectral line profiles taking frequency redistribution effects into account is a notoriously challenging problem from the computational point of view, especially when polarization phenomena (atomic polarization and polarized radiation) are taken into account. Frequency redistribution effects are conveniently described through the redistribution function formalism and the angleaveraged approximation is often introduced to simplify the problem. Even in this case, the evaluation of the emission coefficient for polarized radiation remains computationally costly, especially when magnetic fields are present or complex atomic models are considered. We aim to develop an efficient algorithm to numerically evaluate the angleaveraged redistribution function for polarized radiation. The proposed approach is based on a lowrank approximation via trivariate polynomials whose univariate components are represented in the Chebyshev basis. The resulting algorithm is significantly faster than standard quadraturebased schemes for any target accuracy in the range [10^{−6},10^{−2}].
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