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Paper   IPM / Physic / 16261
School of Physics
  Title:   Can Thermodynamic Behavior of Alice s Particle Affect Bob s Particle
1.  A. Soltanmanesh
2.  H.R. Naeij
3.  A. Shafiee
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Scientific Reports
  Vol.:  10
  Year:  2020
  Pages:   9045
  Supported by:  IPM
We propose an experiment to investigate the possibility of long-distance thermodynamic relationships between two entangled particles. We consider a pair of spin 1/2 particles prepared in an entangled singlet state in which one particle is sent to Alice and the other to her distant mate Bob, who are spatially separated. Our proposed experiment consists of three different setups: First, both particles are coupled to two heat baths with various temperatures. In the second setup, only Alice's particle is coupled to a heat bath and finally, in the last setup, only Bob's particle is coupled to a heat bath. We study the evolution of an open quantum system using the first law of thermodynamics based on the concepts of ergotropy, adiabatic work, and operational heat, in a quantum fashion. We analyze and compare ergotropy and heat transfer in three setups. Our results show that the heat transfer for each entangled particle is not independent of the thermalization process that occurs for the other one. We prove that the existence of quantum correlations affects the thermodynamic behavior of distant particles in an entangled state.

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