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Paper   IPM / Physic / 16155
School of Physics
  Title:   Probing divacancy defects in a zigzag graphene nanoribbon through RKKY exchange interaction
1.  M. Zare
2.  R. Asgari
  Status:   Published
  Journal: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.
  No.:  9
  Vol.:  54
  Year:  2020
  Pages:   095302
  Supported by:  IPM
We investigate the effect of vacancy defects on the electronic and magnetic properties of zigzag graphene nanoribbons (zGNRs) by making use of the Green's function formalism in combination with the tight-binding Hamiltonian. The evolution of the indirect exchange coupling, known as Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction, including single, double, and multiple 5-8-5 divacancy defects is explained. Our numerical calculations show that the changes in the electronic structure and the exchange coupling of zGNRs depend significantly on the location of the divacancy defects with respect to the ribbon edges and on the number of the divacancy defects. In the case both the impurities are located on the edge, the magnitude of the exchange coupling is several orders of magnitude strengthen that result when they are placed on the interior of the nanoribbon. Furthermore, a periodic divacancy causes a dramatic change in the magnetic ground state of the ribbon. In the limit of high vacancy potential, the strength of the RKKY interaction is approximately independent of the Fermi energy.

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