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|Paper IPM / Biological / 15738||
ackground and Objective
Understanding the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is essential for depicting, developing, and investigating effective treatment strategies. HIV infects several types of immune cells, but its main target is to destroy helper T-cells. In the lymph nodes, the infected T-cells interact with each other and their environment to obtain more resources. According to infectivity and replicative capacity of T-cells in the HIV infection process, they can be divided into four phenotypes. Although genetic mutations in the reverse transcription that beget these phenotypes are random, the framework by which a phenotype become favored is affected by the environment and neighboring phenotypes. Moreover, the HIV disease has all components of an evolutionary process, including replication, mutation, and selection.
Received 7 October 2016, Revised 1 July 2017, Accepted 21 August 2017, Available online 6 September 2017.
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