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Paper   IPM / Nano-Sciences / 15726
School of Nano Science
  Title:   Thickness-dependent bandgap and electrical properties of GeP nanosheets
1.  Doyeon Kim
2.  Kidong Park
3.  Fazel Shojaei
4.  Tekalign Terfa Debela
5.  Ik Seon Kwon
6.  In Hye Kwak
7.  Jaemin Seo
8.  Jae Pyoung Ahn
9.  Jeunghee Park
10.  Hong Seok Kang
  Status:   Published
  Journal: J. Mater. Chem. A
  Year:  2019
  Supported by:  IPM
Recently there have been extensive efforts to develop novel two-dimensional (2D) layered structures, owing to their fascinating thickness-dependent optical/electrical properties. Herein, we synthesized thin GeP nanosheets that had a band gap (Eg) of 2.3 eV, which is a dramatic increase from the value in the bulk (0.9 eV) upon exfoliation. This Eg value is close to that of the GeP monolayer predicted by first-principles calculations (HSE06 functional). The calculations also indicate a strong dependence of Eg on the number of layers (2.306, 1.660, 1.470, and 1.397 eV for mono-, bi-, tri-, and tetralayers, respectively), and that the band edge positions are suitable for water splitting reactions. Field-effect transistor devices were fabricated using the p-type GeP nanosheets of various thicknesses, and the devices demonstrated a significant decrease in the hole mobility but an increased on-off ratio as the layer number decreased. The larger on-off ratio (104) for the thinner ones is promising for use in novel 2D (photo)electronic nanodevices. Further, liquid-exfoliated GeP nanosheets (thickness = 1-2 nm) deposited on Si nanowire arrays can function as a promising photoanode for solar-driven water-splitting photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells. Based on the calculated band offset with respect to the Fermi levels for the two half-reactions in the water splitting reaction, the performance of the PEC cell can be explained by the formation of an effective p-GeP/n-Si heterojunction.

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