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Paper   IPM / P / 15684
School of Physics
  Title:   Dynamics near a first order phase transition
1.  L. Bellantuono
2.  R. A. Janik
3.  J. Jankowski
4.  H. Soltanpanahi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JHEP
  Vol.:  146
  Year:  2019
  Pages:   2019
  Supported by:  IPM
We study various dynamical aspects of systems possessing a first order phase transition in their phase diagram. We isolate three qualitatively distinct types of theories depending on the structure of instabilities and the nature of the low temperature phase. The non-equilibrium dynamics is modeled by a dual gravitational theory in 3+1 dimension which is coupled to massive scalar field with self interacting potential. By numerically solving the Einstein-matter equations of motion with various initial configurations, we investigate the structure of the final state arising through coalescence of phase domains. We find that static phase domains, even quite narrow are very long lived and we find a phenomenological equation for their lifetime. Within our framework we also analyze moving phase domains and their collision as well as the effects of spinodal instability and dynamical instability on an expanding boost invariant plasma.

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