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Paper   IPM / CMNL / 15516
Condensed Matter National Laboratory
  Title:   State-of-the-Art Desalination Research
1.  Hamed Aboutalebi
2.  Alexandros Yfantis
3.  Nikolaos Yfantis
  Status:   Published
  Journal: A Multidisciplinary Intro. to Desalination
  Year:  2018
  Pages:   355
  Publisher(s):   River Publishers
  Supported by:  IPM
W ater scarcity, along with the rapid development of urban areas is boosting the ever-increasing demand for safe and clean water [1,2]. The urgent adoption of new water recycling tech-nologies and the development of alternative potable water sources are necessary to address the ongoing drought experienced by almost 2.6 billion people around the world [2-4]. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs estimates that by 2025, two-thirds of the world's population will be living under water stressed conditions [5-7]. Hence, the development of novel desalination1 technologies, and not incremental changes, is crucial to the realization of energy efficient and reliable desalination plants. This new generation of desalination plants is expected to provide low cost and high quality potable water to deal with the vast demand over the next decades. This chapter will provide a review for some of the most recent research trends with promising laboratory results. Of course, the chapter is not exhaustive and some technologies have not been discussed. A categorization of several desalination processes is shown in Figure 12.1.

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