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Paper   IPM / Physic / 15232
School of Physics
  Title:   Effect of boron and phosphorus codoping on the electronic and optical properties of graphitic carbon nitride monolayers: First-principle simulations
1.  M. Yousefi
2.  M. Faraji
3.  R. Asgari
4.  A. Z. Moshfegh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. B
  Vol.:  97
  Year:  2018
  Pages:   195428
  Supported by:  IPM
We study the effect of boron (B) and phosphorous (P) doping and B/P codoping on electronic and optical properties of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4 or GCN) monolayers using density functional simulations. The energy band structure indicates that the incorporation of both B and P into a hexagonal lattice of GCN reduces the energy band gap from 3.1 for pristine GCN to 1.9 eV, thus extending light absorption toward the visible region. Moreover, on the basis of calculating absorption spectra and dielectric function, the codoped system exhibits an improved absorption intensity in the visible region and more electronic transitions, which named π* electronic transitions that occurred and were prohibited in the pristine GCN. These transitions can be attributed to charge redistribution upon doping, caused by distorted configurable B/P-codoped GCN confirmed by both electron density and Mulliken charge population. Therefore, B/P-codoped GCN is expected to be an auspicious candidate to be used as a promising photoelectrode in photoelectrochemical water splitting reactions leading to efficient solar H2 production.

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