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|Paper IPM / Biological / 15158||
Finding an effective measure to predict a more accurate RNA secondary structure is a challenging problem. In the last decade, an experimental method, known as selective 2â²-hydroxyl acylation analyzed by primer extension (SHAPE), was proposed to measure the tendency of forming a base pair for almost all nucleotides in an RNA sequence. These SHAPE reactivities are then utilized to improve the accuracy of RNA structure prediction. Due to a significant impact of SHAPE reactivity and in order to reduce the experimental costs, we propose a new model called HL-k-mer. This model simulates the SHAPE reactivity for each nucleotide in an RNA sequence. This is done by fetching the SHAPE reactivities for all sub-sequences of length k (k-mers) appearing in helix and loop regions. For evaluating the quality of simulated SHAPE data, ESD-Fold method is used based on the SHAPE data simulated by the HL-k-mer model (k=2, 3, 4). Also, for further evaluation of simulated SHAPE data, three different methods are employed. We also extend this model to simulate the SHAPE data for the RNA pseudoknotted structure. The results indicate that the average accuracies of prediction using the SHAPE data simulated by our models (for k=2, 3) are higher compared to the experimental SHAPE data.
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