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Paper   IPM / Particles And Accelerator / 15003
School of Particles and Accelerator
  Title:   Phenomenology of leading nucleon production in ep collisions at HERA in the framework of fracture functions
1.  Samira Shoeibi
2.  Fatemeh Taghavi-Shahri
3.  Hamzeh Khanpour
4.  Kurosh Javidan
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. D
  No.:  7, 074013
  Vol.:  97
  Year:  2018
  Supported by:  IPM
In recent years, several experiments at the ep collider HERA have collected high precision deep inelastic scattering (DIS) data on the spectrum of leading nucleon carrying a large fraction of the proton's energy. In this paper, we have analyzed recent experimental data on the production of forward proton and neutron in DIS at HERA in the framework of a perturbative QCD. We propose a technique based on the fractures functions framework, and extract the nucleon fracture functions (nucleon FFs) M2(n/p) (x, xL, Q2) from global QCD analysis of DIS data measured by ZEUS collaboration at HERA. We have shown that an approach based on the fracture functions formalism allows us phenomenologically parametrize the nucleon FFs. Considering both leading neutron as well as leading proton production data at HERA, we present the results for the separate parton distributions for all parton species, including valence quark densities, the anti-quark densities, the strange sea distribution, and the gluon distribution functions. We proposed several parameterizations for the nucleon FFs and open the possibility of these asymmetries. The obtained optimum set of nucleon FFs is accompanied by Hessian uncertainty sets which allow one to propagate uncertainties to other observables interest. The extracted results for the t-integrated leading neutron F2LN(3) (x, xL, Q2) and leading proton F2LP(3) (x, xL, Q2) structure functions are in good agreement with all data analyzed, for a wide range of fractional momentum variable x as well as the longitudinal momentum fraction xL.

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