“School of Particles And Accelerator”

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Paper   IPM / Particles And Accelerator / 14866
School of Particles and Accelerator
  Title:   Electron trapping in the electrosound solitary wave for propagation of high intensity laser in a relativistic plasma
1.  E Heidari
2.  Morteza Aslaninejad
3.  H Eshraghi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
  No.:  7
  Vol.:  52
  Year:  2010
  Supported by:  IPM
Using a set of relativistic equations for plasmas with warm electrons and cold ions, we have investigated the effects of trapped electrons in the propagation of an electrosound wave and discussed the possibility of the formation of electromagnetic solitons in a plasma. The effective potential energy and deviations of the electron and ion number densities in this relativistic model have been found. We have obtained the governing equations for the amplitude of the HF field with relativistic corrections. In order to show the destructive impact of the trapped electrons on the solitary wave, a relativistic effective potential and the governing equation have been found. It is shown that for certain values of the parameters the condition of localization of the HF amplitude is violated. In addition, it is shown that as the flow velocity of the plasma changes, the shape of the solitary wave shows two opposing behaviours, depending on whether the solitary wave velocity is larger than the flow velocity or smaller. Also, the existence of stationary solitary waves which are prohibited for nonrelativistic plasma has been predicted. Finally, we have obtained the Korteweg-de Vries equation showing the relativistic, trapping and nonlinearity effects.

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