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Paper   IPM / Cognitive / 14785
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Rapid face adaptation distributes representation in inferior-temporal cortex across time and neuronal dimensions
1.  H. Vahabie
2.  M. Abolghasemi
3.  M. Nili
4.  B. Araabi
5.  H. Esteky
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Scientific Reports
  Vol.:  7
  Year:  2017
  Pages:   1-13
  Supported by:  IPM
Neuronal networks of the brain adapt their information processing according to the history of stimuli. Whereas most studies have linked adaptation to repetition suppression, recurrent connections within a network and disinhibition due to adaptation predict more complex response patterns. The main questions of this study are as follows: what is the effect of the selectivity of neurons on suppression/enhancement of neural responses? What are the consequences of adaptation on information representation in neural population and the temporal structure of response patterns? We studied rapid face adaptation using spiking activities of neurons in the inferior-temporal (IT) cortex. Investigating the responses of neurons, within a wide range from negative to positive face selectivity, showed that despite the peak amplitude suppression in highly positive selective neurons, responses were enhanced in most other neurons. This enhancement can be attributed to disinhibition due to adaptation. Delayed and distributed responses were observed for positive selective neurons. Principal component analysis of the IT population responses over time revealed that repetition of face stimuli resulted in temporal decorrelation of the network activity. The contributions of the main and higher neuronal dimensions were changed under an adaptation condition, where more neuronal dimensions were used to encode repeated face stimuli.

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