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Paper   IPM / Nano-Sciences / 14445
School of Nano Science
  Title:   Spin relaxation in graphene nanoribbons in the presence of substrate surface roughness
1.  Zahra Chaghazardi
2.  Shoeib Babaee Touski
3.  Mahdi Pourfath
4.  Rahim Faez
  Status:   Published
  Journal: J. Appl. Phys.
  Vol.:  120
  Year:  2016
  Pages:   053904(1-5)
  Publisher(s):   AIP Publishing
  Supported by:  IPM
In this work, spin transport in corrugated armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) is studied. We survey combined effects of spin-orbit interaction and surface roughness, employing the nonequilibrium Green's function formalism and multi-orbitals tight-binding model. Rough substrate surfaces have been statistically generated and the hopping parameters are modulated based on the bending and distance of corrugated carbon atoms. The effects of surface roughness parameters, such as roughness amplitude and correlation length, on spin transport in AGNRs are studied. The increase of surface roughness amplitude results in the coupling of r and p bands in neighboring atoms, leading to larger spin flipping rate and therefore reduction of the spin-polarization, whereas a longer correlation length makes AGNR surface smoother and increases spin-polarization. Moreover, spin diffusion length of carriers is extracted and its dependency on the roughness parameters is investigated. In agreement with experimental data, the spin diffusion length for various substrate ranges between 2 and 340 lm. Our results indicate the importance of surface roughness on spin-transport in graphene.

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