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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 14353
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Fossil Systems; a Multi-wavelength Approach towards Understanding Galaxy Formation
1.  H.G. Khosroshahi
2.  H. Miraghaei
3.  M. Raouf
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Galaxies
  Vol.:  4
  Year:  2016
  Pages:   5
  Supported by:            IPM IPM
Fossil systems are understood to be the end product of galaxy mergers within groups and clusters. Their halo morphology points to their relaxed/virialised nature, thus allowing them to be employed as observational probes for the evolution of cosmic structures, their thermodynamics and dark matter distribution. Cosmological simulations, and their underlying models, are broadly consistent with the early formation epoch for fossils. In a series of studies we have looked into galaxy properties and intergalactic medium (IGM) in fossils, across a wide range of wavelengths, from X-ray through optical to the radio, to have a better understanding of their nature, the attributed halo age, IGM heating and their AGNs and use them as laboratories to constrain galaxy formation models. Adhering to one of less attended properties of fossils, using the the Millennium Simulation, we combine luminosity gap with luminosity segregation (the brightest galaxy offset from the group luminosity centroid) to identify the most dynamically relaxed galaxy groups which allows us to reveal brand new observational connections between galaxies and their environments.

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