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Paper   IPM / P / 14142
School of Physics
  Title:   Hot filment CVD of Fe-Cr catalyst for thermal CVD carbon nanotube growth from liquid
1.  M. Akbarzadeh Pasha
2.  A. Shafiekhani
3.  M.A. Vesaghi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Appl. Surf. Sci.
  Vol.:  256
  Year:  2009
  Pages:   1365-1371
  Supported by:  IPM
A hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) method was used to prepare Fe–Cr thin film on Si substrate. The produced layers were used as catalysts for growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from liquid petroleum gas (LPG) at 825 °C by thermal CVD (TCVD) method. To characterize the obtained catalysts or CNTs, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy were used. CNTs were grown on HFCVD derived Fe–Cr catalyst with the LPG as carbon source successfully. It was found that an annealing process on catalysts enhances the surface concentration of Cr atoms and reduces the sizes of catalyst particles. The grown CNTs on annealed sample were morphologically denser with smaller diameters compared to the as deposited one. In addition, the effect of filament temperature on CNTs was investigated. By increasing the filament temperature from 850 to 1050 °C the surface density and diameters of CNTs were improved.

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