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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 13682
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Orbital motion effects in astrometric microlensing
  Author(s):  S. Sajadian
  Status:   Published
  Journal: MNRAS
  Vol.:  439
  Year:  2014
  Pages:   3007-3015
  Supported by:  IPM
We investigate lens orbital motion in astrometric microlensing and its detectability. In microlensing events, the light centroid shift in the source trajectory (the astrometric trajectory) falls off much more slowly than the light amplification as the source distance from the lens position increases. As a result, perturbations developed with time such as lens orbital motion can make considerable deviations in astrometric trajectories. The rotation of the source trajectory due to lens orbital motion produces a more detectable astrometric deviation because the astrometric cross-section is much larger than the photometric one. Among binary microlensing events with detectable astrometric trajectories, those with stellar-mass black holes have most likely detectable astrometric signatures of orbital motion. Detecting lens orbital motion in their astrometric trajectories helps to discover further secondary components around the primary even without any photometric binarity signature as well as resolve close/wide degeneracy. For these binary microlensing events, we evaluate the efficiency of detecting orbital motion in astrometric trajectories and photometric light curves by performing Monte Carlo simulation. We conclude that astrometric efficiency is 87.3 per cent whereas the photometric efficiency is 48.2 per cent.

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