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Paper   IPM / Biological / 13330
School of Biological Sciences
  Title:   Inhibition of TGFβ Signaling Promotes Ground State Pluripotency
1.  S. N. Hassani.
2.  M. Totonchi.
3.  A. Sharifi-Zarchi.
4.  S. Mollamohammadi.
5.  M. Pakzad.
6.  S. Moradi.
7.  A. Samadian.
8.  N. Masoudi.
9.  S. Mirshahvaladi.
10.  A. Farrokhi.
11.  B, Greber.
12.  M. J. Araúzo-Bravo.
13.  D. Sabour.
14.  M. Sadeghi.
15.  G. Hosseini Salekdeh.
16.  G. Gourabi.
17.  H. R. Schöler.
18.  H. Baharvand.
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Stem Cell Reviews and Reports
  No.:  1
  Vol.:  10
  Year:  2014
  Pages:   16-30
  Supported by:  IPM
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are considered to exist in a ground state if shielded from differentiation triggers. Here we show that FGF4 and TGFβ signaling pathway inhibitors, designated R2i, not only provide the ground state pluripotency in production and maintenance of naïve ES cells from blastocysts of different mouse strains, but also maintain ES cells with higher genomic integrity following long-term cultivation compared with the chemical inhibition of the FGF4 and GSK3 pathways, known as 2i. Global transcriptome analysis of the ES cells highlights augmented BMP4 signaling pathway. The crucial role of the BMP4 pathway in maintaining the R2i ground state pluripotency is demonstrated by BMP4 receptor suppression, resulting in differentiation and cell death. In conclusion, by inhibiting TGFβ and FGF signaling pathways, we introduce a novel defined approach to efficiently establish the ground state pluripotency.DOI 10.1007/s12015-013-9473-0

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