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Paper   IPM / Physic / 12119
School of Physics
  Title:   Classical Analogue of the Ionic Hubbard Model
1.  M. Hafez
2.  S.A. Jafari
3.  Sh. Adibi
4.  F. Shahbazi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phys. Rev. B
  Vol.:  81
  Year:  2010
  Pages:   245131
  Supported by:  IPM
In our earlier work [M. Hafez, et al., Phys. Lett. A 373 (2009) 4479] we employed the flow equation method to obtain a classical effective model from a quantum mechanical parent Hamiltonian called, the ionic Hubbard model (IHM). The classical ionic Hubbard model (CIHM) obtained in this way contains solely Fermionic occupation numbers of two species corresponding to particles with ↑ and ↓ spin, respectively. In this paper, we employ the transfer matrix method to analytically solve the CIHM at finite temperature in one dimension. In the limit of zero temperature, we find two insulating phases at large and small Coulomb interaction strength, U, mediated with a gap-less metallic phase, resulting in two continuous metal-insulator transitions. Our results are further supported with Monte Carlo simulations.

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