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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 11614
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Level Crossing Analysis of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation: A method for detecting cosmic strings
1.  M. S. Movahed
2.  Sh. Khosravi
  Status:   Preprint
  Journal: JCAP
  Year:  2012
  Pages:   27
  Supported by:  IPM
In this paper we study the footprint of cosmic string as the topological defects in the very early universe on the cosmic microwave background radiation. We develop the method of level crossing analysis in the context of the well-known Kaiser-Stebbins phenomenon for exploring the signature of cosmic strings. We simulate a Gaussian map by using the best fit parameter given by WMAP-7 and then superimpose cosmic strings effects on it as an incoherent and active fluctuations. In order to investigate the capability of our method to detect the cosmic strings for the various values of tension, Gμ, a simulated pure Gaussian map is compared with that of including cosmic strings. Based on the level crossing analysis, the superimposed cosmic string with Gμ >~4×10−9 in the simulated map without instrumental noise and the resolution R=1′ could be detected. In the presence of anticipated instrumental noise the lower bound increases just up to Gμ >~5.8×10−9.

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