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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 16630
School of Astronomy
  Title:   Inflation with multiple vector fields and non-Gaussianities
  Author(s): 
1.  Mohammad Ali . Gorji
2.  Seyed Ali . Hosseini Mansoori
3.  Hassan . Firouzjahi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JCAP
  Vol.:  2020
  Year:  2020
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
  Abstract:
We consider a model of inflation consisting a triplet of U(1) vector fields with the parity violating interaction which is non-minimally coupled to inflaton. The vector field sector enjoys global O(3) symmetry which admits isotropic configuration and provides not only vector modes but also scalar and tensor modes. We decompose the scalar perturbations into the adiabatic, entropy and isocurvature perturbations and compute all power spectra and cross correlations of the scalar and the tensor sectors. The tensor modes associated with the vector fields contribute to the power spectrum of gravitational waves while the parity violating term generates chirality in gravitational power spectra and bispectra. We study nonlinear scalar and tensor perturbations and compute all bispectra and three-point cross-correlations. In particular, it is shown that the non-Gaussianity of curvature perturbations and gravitational waves are enhanced by the vector field perturbations. We show that non-Gaussianities put strong constraints on the model parameters such as the parity violating coupling and the fractional energy of the vector fields

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