Comparison of the process of action from the perspective of Allameh Tabatabai and John Searle based on the theory of gap
6 OCT 2020
John Searle believes that there is a gap between the intentional states of the mind that underlie our decisions and the actual decisions and actions that are taken. He sees this gap as a precondition for freedom of will and rationality. Allameh Tabatabai also believes that desires and awareness and other mental matters do not lead to the realization of action, but the realization of action requires a cognitive mechanism. The question is, from the point of view of these two philosophers, what is the factor that leads to the causal adequacy of action and the realization of the will? Also, which answer seems acceptable in terms of the power of explanation and the strength of theoretical components? John Searle considers independent reasons from desire (derived from social obligations) and Allameh Tabatabai as validity (establishing a relation of obligation between oneself and action according to the rule of validity with the creation of the relation must) as the factor of realization of will and action. John Searle raises the gap in his more comprehensive theoretical scheme of rationality and free will, whose theoretical components are in conflict with one another, and reasons independent of desire do not solve the problem of causal determinism. On the other hand, Allameh Tabatabai's view is theoretically superior to John Searle's view in terms of theoretical strength and its conformity with some bodily cognitive views, such as Barslow's theory of perceptual symbols.