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We consider a warm inflationary scenario in which the two dominant matter components present in the early Universe, the scalar field, and the radiation fluid, evolve with different four-velocities. This cosmological system is mathematically equivalent to a single anisotropic fluid, evolving with a four-velocity that is a function of the two independent fluid four-velocities. Due to the presence of the anisotropic physical parameters, the overall cosmological evolution is also anisotropic. We derive the gravitational field equations of the noncomoving scalar field-radiation mixture for a Bianchi type I geometry. By considering that the decay of the scalar field is accompanied by a corresponding radiation generation, we formulate the basic equations of the warm inflationary model in the presence of two noncomoving components. By adopting the slow roll approximation, we perform a detailed comparison of the theoretical predictions of the warm inflationary scenario with noncomoving scalar field and radiation fluid with the observational data obtained by the Planck satellite, by investigating both the weak dissipation and strong dissipation limits. Constraints on the free parameters of the model are obtained in both cases. The functional forms of the scalar field potentials compatible with the noncomoving nature of warm inflation are also derived.
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