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We present a detailed QCD analysis of nucleon structure functions $xF_3 (x, Q^2)$, based on Laplace transforms and Jacobi polynomials approach.
The analysis corresponds to the next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order approximation of perturbative QCD. The Laplace transform technique, as an exact analytical solution, is used for the solution of nonsinglet Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi evolution equations at low- and large-$x$ values. The extracted results are used as input to obtain the $x$ and Q$^2$ evolution of $xF_3(x, Q^2)$ structure
functions using the Jacobi polynomials approach. In our work, the values of the typical QCD scale $\Lambda_{\overline{\rm MS}}^{(n_f)}$ and the strong coupling constant $\alpha_s(M_Z^2)$ are determined for four quark flavors ($n_f=4$) as well. A careful estimation of the uncertainties shall be performed using the Hessian method for the valence-quark distributions, originating from the experimental errors.
We compare our valence-quark parton distribution functions sets with those of other collaborations; in particular with the {\tt BBG}, {\tt CT14}, {\tt MMHT14} and {\tt NNPDF} sets, which are contemporary with the present analysis. The obtained results from the analysis are in good agreement with those from the literature.
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